This Learning Lab presented the findings from the first-ever SDG report using LANDex data in Nepal. Report authors, civil society, government officials and SDG custodians talked about the contribution that LANDex can make to the monitoring of land rights in the SDGs, alongside and in the absence of government data.
The report aims to contribute to monitoring of SDGs in the following ways:
- Assessing a country’s political commitment to land SDGs
- Reviewing available data for key land indicators
- Integrating a broader data system to contribute to land monitoring
WHAT YOU WILL LEARN
- How LANDex is used to monitor land rights in the SDGs
- See how to develop a parallel or alternative report on land SDGs using LANDex
- How civil society data can be used alongside (or in absence of) official data
- Martha Osorio, Gender and Rural Development Officer at FAO
- Jagat Basnet, Executive Director, Community Self-Reliance Center (CSRC)
- Ward Anseeuw, Knowledge, Learning and Innovation Lead, ILC
- Dharm Raj Joshi, Community Self-Reliance Center (CSRC)
- Eva Hershaw, Land Monitoring and Data Specialist, ILC
- Janak Raj Joshi, Joint Secretary of MoLMCPA (Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation)
- Dayasagar Shrestha, SDG Network, Nepal
“This is something that cannot be done by one type of actor (...) the role that civil society plays is fundamental" Martha Osorio, FAO.
Such collaborations demonstrate our ability to transform monitoring of land in the SDGs, broadening the data ecosystem in an inclusive way
Compared to the Millennium Development Goals (MGDs), land, land rights and land governance are much more prominent in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), woven throughout a number of social, economic and environmental goals.
Despite this increased focus on land, the number of indicators explicitly related to tenure security and land governance (1.4.2, 5.a.1, 5.a.2) are relatively few, and available data for these indicators remains limited.
In 2020, the SDG Land Momentum Group found that in the period spanning 2016-2019, there was no official entry for indicator 1.4.2 and only 10 countries had reported on 5.a.1.
Limited official data underscores the need for parallel and complementary reporting on progress towards land rights in the SDGs, as well as the need for a data ecosystem that goes beyond official SDG data to give us an idea of progress in the land sector.
Such efforts are welcomed by SDG custodians such as FAO and government offices currently unable to report on specific land SDGs.
With its members, ILC has built LANDex, a land governance monitoring tool with 33 common indicators that allows us to highlight and monitor the role of land in the SDGs and where progress is being made.
LANDex provides data for key land indicators 1.4.2, 5.a.1 and 5.a.2, using a combination of official data, citizen-led data and third-party data.
But LANDex goes beyond these key land indicators, using data to track progress towards 10 SDGs that relate to land rights, local land management, family farming and resilient food systems, among others.
Within these 10 Goals, LANDex indicators were aligned with corresponding indicators and targets, allowing us to apply LANDex scores to the SDGs and analyze their contents against the indicators and targets set out in Agenda 2030.
The first results of this monitoring come from Nepal, where ILC members used data collected through LANDex to report on land rights in the SDGs.
Using LANDex, Nepal members were able to report proxy data for SDGs 1.4.2 and 5.a.1, engaging with government and SDG custodians in a discussion about progress towards key SDGs in the absence of official data.
Such collaborations demonstrate our ability to transform monitoring of land in the SDGs, broadening the data ecosystem in an inclusive way.