This toolkit gathers information on seven tools successfully used by members of the ILC to ensure that processes of decision-making over land are inclusive. The toolkit intends to facilitate mutual learning based on the good practices of specific ILC members.
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DOCUMENTING CUSTOMARY LAND RIGHTS
Documenting customary land rights is a tool that uses inclusive and participatory research approaches to consolidate the customary practices of local communities into a book. The book assists rural communities, traditional leaders, land administrative officers and judicial officers such as magistrates, judges and lawyers to understand and enforce the communities’ customary laws.
HUMAN RIGHTS‐BASED APPROACH TO LAND REFORM
A human rights-based approach to land reform uses multi-stakeholder dialogue to introduce human rights to rural land governance in order to ensure access to and equitable ownership of land by rural communities and to protect community land rights.
DECENTRALISED AND SIMPLIFIED LAND MANAGEMENT
Decentralised and simplified land management combines recognition of
social land management practices and the formalisation of land rights by the authorities. Land governance is decentralised to the local level, resulting in reduced time, cost and regulatory burdens on community members. As a result, the rural poor can secure land tenure in a simplified manner.
DEVOLVED AND INCLUSIVE PASTURELAND MANAGEMENT
The tool prioritises devolved and inclusive pastureland management so that pasture users and local communities have equitable and socially and environmentally sustainable access to pasturelands.
MULTI‐STAKEHOLDER DIALOGUE INTEGRATING GRASSROOTS PERSPECTIVES
Multi-stakeholder dialogues (MSDs) bring relevant stakeholders together to better involve them in decisions that concern them. Mainly, MSDs aim to better integrate grassroots organisations into national, regional and international dialogues on land in order to enhance levels of trust between the different actors, to resolve conflicting interests and to share information and institutional knowledge.
MULTI‐LEVEL AND MULTI‐ACTOR GOVERNANCE
Multi-level and multi-actor governance for inclusive transnational planning and joint decision-making seeks to include and involve grassroots organisations in cross-regional planning and decision-making processes concerning the management of natural resources such as ecosystems, water resources and common territories for an integrated environmental, human and economic development model.
POLICY ENGAGEMENT PLATFORMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN POLICY MAKING
Policy engagement platforms give citizens, CSOs and the media space in which to engage with a government on national land policy reform processes. The platform brings together citizens, CSOs, NGOs, international development organisations, state agencies at the local, provincial and national levels, research institutions, and private sector and media organisations.
How to use the toolkit
Each section describes the characteristics of the tool: its goal, actors involved, the ILC members that have used it, the expected outcomes of the tool’s use, and a step-by- step practical guide to implementation. The stories at the end of each section summarise aspects of good practice connected with the tool’s use by one or more ILC members and partners. Tools can be adapted to different contexts or needs. By using the available links, it is possible to access more information about each tool and to get in touch with ILC members that have used it.
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